Ph.D. Dissertation Students
- Heon-Soo Kim, "Removal Mechanisms for Various Molecular Weight Fractions of Natural Organic Carbon Using Anion Exchange Resins", May 1990.
- Paul L. K. Fu "Characterization of Natural Aquatic Organics and Their Mechanistic Interactions on Anion Exchange Resins”, May 1987.
M.S. Thesis Students
- Julie Davis, “The Influence of AOPs on the Biodegradabily of Natural Organic Matter”, Dec. 1996.
- Cheng-Hua (Michael) Zheng, “Influence of the H2O2/Vis-UV Process on Natural Organic Matter, Aug. 1996.
- Ning R. (Rebecca) Xia, “Impact of Water Treatment Plant Operational Factors on the Production of Disinfection By-Products During Chloramination”, May 1996.
- Charlene Baker, “Interference of Natural Organic Matter on Oxidation of Volatile Organic Compounds Using Hydrogen Peroxide and Visible-Ultraviolet Irradiation”, Dec. 1995.
- Carolyn Kirkpatrick, “Inactivation of Microorganisms by Hydrogen Peroxide and Ultraviolet Irradiation”, Dec. 1994.
- Kevin L. Worley, “Oxidation of Natural Organic Matter Using Hydrogen Peroxide and Visible-Ultraviolet Irradiation”, May 1994.
- Harvey W. Sorensen, “Effect of Ozone Dose and Subsequent Biodegradation on Removal of Disinfection By-Product Precursors”, May 1993.
- Sundararao M. Ajjaraapu, “Treatment of Spacecraft Humidity Condensate to Produce Potable Water Using Ion Exchange Resins and Adsorption Beds”, May 1992.
- Margarita Lazardou, “Development and Evaluation of an Apparatus to Test Contaminated Soil for the Feasibility of In Situ Treatment to Promote Desorption of Hazardous Wastes”, Dec. 1990.
- Susan V. Muckle, “Treatment of Spacecraft Humidity Condensate to Produce Potable Water”, May 1990.
- Dannelle Belhateche, “Hydrogen Peroxide/ Visible-Ultraviolet Irradiation for the Oxidation of Environmental Contaminants”, Dec. 1998.
- Yun Wang, “Removal of Polio, Rotavirus, and Hepatitis A Virus by Softening, Coagulation/ Filtration, and Disinfection”, May 1987.
- Alfred Ling, “Removal of Polio, Rotavirus, and Hepatitis A virus by Water Treatment Unit Processes”, Dec. 1984.
M.S. Project Students
- Julie P. Via, “Biodegradation Kinetic Coefficients for Phenolic Compounds at Low Concentrations as Measured by Radiorespirometry”, May 1994.
- James W. Wieshuhn, “Off-Gas Treatment of Industrial and Environmental Remediation Sources in Texas”, May 1993.
- Rajendra Kulkarni, “Control of the Asiatic Clams in the Coastal Water Authority Distribution System by Monochloramine”, 1992.
- Fred Mittl, “Comparison of Methods for the Analysis of Chlorine Dioxide, Chlorite and Chlorate”, AY 1987.
- Julius Ma, “Control of Corbicula in Surface Water”, AY 1987.
- Lauy Jabry & Nasser Al-Tell, "Videotape Production of Drinking Water and Wastewater Treatment," AY 1986.
- Mary Ellen Whitworth, "Linkages Among Wastewater Whitworth Treatment Plant Discharges, Lake Houston Water Quality, and Potable Water Supply During Storm Events," AY 1985.
- Jeffery Baker, "Hazardous Waste DisposalSite Remedial Action - A Comparison of Four Case Histories", AY 1983.
Awards & Honors:
Other Awards and Honors:
WHO'S WHO LISTINGS
- Who's Who in the Frontier of Science and Technology
- Who's Who in America
- American Men and Women of Science
- Who's Who in Technology
The reaction of chlorine with organic matter has long been known because of the taste and odor problems these reactions have caused in drinking water. In 1973, however, research being conducted ian Rotterdam, The Netherlands, and in the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) research laboratory in Cincinnati, Ohio dramatically changed our understanding of these reactions by identifying for the first time, specific organic compounds that were formed during the disinfection of drinking water with free chlorine. The finding that these compounds were suspected human carcinogens forever changed the view of drinking water disinfection.
Early research was focused in these two locations, the early work on treatment and control being conducted by the engineers and chemists working on the research team I headed. Organizationally this was in the Drinking Water Research Division, USEPA in Cincinnati. This work was the basis of the 1981 book Treatment Techniques for Controlling Trihalomethanes in Drinking Water, published by USEPA and the American Water Works Association (AWWA), now out of print. The scope of this research area has now broadened greatly with dozens of researchers working on the problem and many funding agencies supporting this work, at least $2M per year by the American Water Works Association Research Foundation alone.
Since 1974, my co-workers, students, and I have published many papers on the subject of DBPs and other subjects. In 1996 my co-investigators and I completed a major project sponsored by the USEPA on DBP precursor control (EPA final report) and a large study sponsored by the American Water Works Association Research Foundation (AWWARF) on the use of chloramination as an alternative to free chlorine as a method of controlling DBP formation. In 1997 I completed a joint project with Dr. Gerald E. Speitel Jr, University of Texas at Austin on the use of advanced oxidation processes and biodegradation for DBP precursor control. My students and I have also studied the UV/Vis-H2O2 AOP Process extensively.
Sponsored Research / Research Grant:
Invited Presentations / Lectures:
Symons, J. M., "1974 Revisited-An Historical Review of the Disinfection By-Products Issue", The 1997 Lecture in the Tsuan Hara Feng Distinguished Lecture Series In Environmental Engineering, University of Massachusetts at Amherst, Oct. 9, 1997
Symons, J. M., "Effect of Chloramination on DBP Formation", Virginia Section AWWA, Williamsburg, VA, Sept. 15, 1997.
Symons, J. M., "Advanced Oxidation Processing for Controlling Natural Organic Matter in Drinking Water", southeast Texas Chapter of the Texas Section of the AWWA, Jan. 30, 1997.
Symons, J. M., "Drinking Water Treatment and Disinfection By-Products: Where We Are Today and Where We Are Going", The University of Texas at Austin, Feb. 19, 1997.
Symons, J. M., Speitel, G. E. Jr., Hwang, C. J., Krasner, S. W., Barrett, S. E., Diehl, A. C., Xia, R., "Factors Affecting Disinfection By-Product Formation During Chloramination," DBP Chemistry: A Seminar Designed for Water Quality Engineers and Chemists, Sunday Seminar, Water Quality Technology Conference, American Water Works Association, Boston, Mass., November 17, 1996.
Symons, J. M., and Zheng, M.C.H., "Behavior of Natural Organic Matter During Hydroxyl Radical Oxidation", Natural Organic Matter Workshop-Influence of Natural Organic Matter Characteristics on Drinking Water Treatment and Quality, Poitiers, France, Sept. 18-19, 1996.
Symons, J. M., "Disinfection By-Products - History, Production, and Control," U. S. Environmental Protection Agency's 2nd National Drinking Water Treatment Technology Transfer Workshop, August 12-14, 1996.
Symons, J. M., "1974 Revisited - An Historical Review of the Disinfection By-Products Issue," Gloyna Breakfast, Texas Water '96 Conference, April 17, 1996.
Symons, J.M., Xia, R., Diehl. A. C., Speitel, G. E. Jr., Hwang, C.J., and Krasner, S. W., "The Influence of Operational Variables of the Formation of Dissolved Organic Halogen During Chlorination," American Chemical Society, August 24, 1995.
Symons, J. M., Viewpoint, "Water Treatment - The Next Generation," Journal of the American Water Works Association, 87, No. 8, 8, (August, 1995).
Symons, J.M., "Factors Affecting DBP Formation During Chloramination," In: Today's Challenges, Tomorrow's Solutions, American Water Works Association Research Foundation, May 2, 1995, Dallas, Texas.
Symons, J. M., "Seems Like Déjà Vu," Drinking Water Research, American Water Works Association Research Foundation", June, 1994.
Symons, J.M., "Disinfection and Disinfection By-Products of Concern in Water Distribution System," Water Quality in Potable Water Distribution Systems, Texas Section, American Water Works Association, Dallas, Texas, September 20, 1993.
Symons, J.M., Krasner, S. W., Simms, L. A, and Sclimenti, M., "Measuring Trihalomethane Species and Trihalomethane Precursor Concentrations in the Presence of Bromide Ion," American Chemical Society Symposium on Disinfection By-Products in Water Treatment: The Chemistry of Their Formation and Control, American Chemical Society, August 24, 1993.
Symons, J.M., Fu, P. L-K, Kim, P. H-S, "Use of Anion Exchange Resins to Remove THM Precursors," 43rd Environmental Engineering Conference, Lawrence, Kansas, February 10, 1993.
Symons, J.M. "Disinfection and Disinfection By-Products Control," US Environmental Protection Agency Technology Transfer Workshop, Kansas City, Missouri, February 19, 1992.
Symons, J.M., "Disinfection and Disinfection By-Products - A Status Report," Texas Section, AWWA, Houston, Texas October 15, 1991.
Symons, J.M., "Anion Exchange Resins for Removing Natural Organic Matter for Native Waters," Gordon Research Conference, Ion Exchange Resins and Reactive Polymers, Newport Beach, Rhode Island, Aug. 19-23, 1991.
Symons, J.M., "The Formation and Control of Organic Contaminants in Drinking Water," American Chemical Society, Boston, Mass., April 24, 1990.
Symons, J.M., "This Week's Citation Classic," Current Contents, Agriculture, Biology, and Environmental Sciences, 19, 33,(August 15, 1988).
Symons, J.M., "Utilization of Various Treatment Unit Processes and Treatment Modifications for Trihalomethane Control," Workshop-Control of Organic Chemical Contaminants in Drinking Water, 1978, 1979, US EPA.
Stevens, A.A. and Symons, J.M., "Formation and Measurement of Trihalomethanes in Drinking Water," Workshop - Control of Organic Chemical Contaminants in Drinking Water, 1978, 1979, USEPA.
Symons, J.M.; Love, O.T., Jr.; and Carswell, J.K., "Ozone/Chlorine Dioxide Oxidation Products of Organic Materials," In: Proceedings of International Ozone Institute Workshop, November 17-19, 1976, Cincinnati, Ohio, Rice, R.G. and Cotruvo, J.A., Eds., pp. 443-455 (1978).
Symons, J.M. and Stevens, A.A., "Physical-Chemical Pretreatment for the Removal of Precursors, " In: Proceedings - Oxidation Techniques in Drinking Water Treatment, Karlsruhe, FRG, September 11-13, 1978, EPA-570/9-79-020, US EPA, Washington, D.C., pp. 196-213.
Symons, J.M., Carswell, J.K., Clark, R.M., Dorsey, P., Geldreich, E.E., Heffernan, W.P., Hoff, J.C., Love, O.T., Jr., McCabe, L.J., and Stevens, A.A., "Ozone, Chlorine Dioxide, and Chloramines as Alternatives to Chlorine for Disinfection of Drinking Water, State-of-the-Art," In: Proceedings of Second Conference on Water Chlorination: Environmental Impact and Health Effects, Gatlinburg, Tennessee, October 31-November 4, 1977, pp. 555-560 (1978). Ozone and Chlorine Dioxide Technology for Disinfection of Drinking Water, Katz, J., Ed., Noyes Data Corporation, Park Ridge, N.J. (1980), pp. 2-86.
Papers Presented at Professional Meetings
- International Meetings (10)
- National Meetings (28)
- Regional, State or Local Meetings (17)
Refereed Journal Publications:
Books / Book Chapters:
Conference Proceedings / Technical Papers Published in Refereed Conference Proceedings:
Technical Papers Published In Unrefereed Publications:
Reports / Manuals:
Speitel, G.E. Jr, Symons, J.M., Wanielista, M.M., and Davis, J.M.,"Advanced Oxidation/Biodegradation Processes for the Destruction of TOC and Disinfection By-Product Precursers". American Water Works Research Foundation, Report No. 30697, 1999, 139 pp.
Symons, J. M., Speitel, G.E. Jr., Hwang, C.J., Krasner, S.W., Barrett, S.E., Diehl, A. C., and Xia, R. "Factors Affecting Disinfection By-Product Formation During Chloramination," American Water Works Association Research Foundation, Report No. 90728, 1998, 330 pp.
Symons, J.M., "Oxidation of Natural Organic Contaminants in Drinking Water Using H2O2 and Visible -UV Irradiation," USEPA Research Grant R-817787-01-0, (August, 1996).
Symons, J.M., "The Removal of Aquatic Humus from Drinking Water with Macroporous Anion Exchange Resins," USEPA Research Grant R-812155-02-0, (May, 1990).
Symons, J.M. and Fu, P.L.K., "Treatment of Drinking Water by Bromide Addition and Powdered Activated Carbon Adsorption," Final Report Cooperative Agreement CR-811659-01-0, 64 pp, EPA/600/2-86/032, USEPA, Cincinnati, Ohio, (December, 1985) UHCE 86-3.
Symons, J.M., "Interim Treatment Guide for Controlling Organic Contaminants in Drinking Water Using Granular Activated Carbon," USEPA, Cincinnati, Ohio, 55 pp. + 3 Appendices (January, 1978).
Symons, J.M., "Interim Treatment Guide for Control of Chloroform and Other Trihalomethanes," USEPA, Cincinnati, Ohio, 48 pp. + Appendices (June, 1976).
Symons, J.M.,"Preliminary Assessment of Suspected Carcinogens in Drinking Water-Report to Congress," U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C. (December, 1976).
Love, O.T., Jr.; Carswell, J.K.; Stevens, A.A.; Sorg, T.J.; Logsdon, G.S.; and Symons, J.M., "Preliminary Results of Pilot Plants to Remove Water Contaminants," Appendix VI, Dr. Preliminary Assessment of Suspended Carcinogens in Drinking Water - Interim Report to Congress - USEPA Report, Washington, D.C. (June, 1975).