Environmental and Biological Fate Processes of Engineered Nanomaterials and their Implications for Risk

Speaker: 

Professor Gregory Lowry, Carnegie Mellon University

Date: 

Monday, April 23, 2012 - 11:15am to 12:30pm

Location: 

Room 102-D Engineering Bldg. 1, UH

PDF: 

Abstract: 

Many engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) have extraordinary novel properties and do not have naturally occurring analogs. It is therefore prudent to assess their potentially harmful impacts in parallel with their rapid development. Forecasting the potential risks from ENMs requires an ability to predict ENM fate and bioavailability in the environment. ENMs are highly dynamic in environmental and biological systems, making it important to understand the range of possible geochemical transformations of ENMs and how those transformations affect their properties, bioavailability, and toxicity.Important transformations include adsorption of biomacromolecules, biodegradation, oxidation/reduction reactions, and sulfidation. Laboratory and field scale studies describing these transformations, and their effects on ENM fate, bioavailability, and toxicity are discussed.

About the speaker: 

Greg Lowry earned his bachelor’s degree in chemical engineering (University of California at Davis), and his MS (University of Wisconsin at Madison) and PhD (Stanford University) degrees in Civil & Environmental Engineering. He joined the Department of Civil Engineering at Carnegie Mellon University in 2001 and holds the rank of Professor. Dr. Lowry conducts fundamental and applied research in the areas of environmental nanotechnology and environmental remediation. His work is aimed at understanding how the properties of engineered nanomaterials map onto their potential for risk. He is also is developing and optimizing in situ groundwater and sediment remediation technologies employing polymer modified particulate remedial agents including nano-sized zerovalent iron for groundwater remediation and reactive electrodes for sediment caps. He uses both experimental and modeling approaches to evaluate the reactive characteristics of various materials, design and evaluate emplacement methods, and characterize remediation performance. He teaches courses on physicochemical processes of organic chemicals in aquatic systems, environmental engineering, environmental nanotechnology, and environmental sampling and sample analysis.